Transboundary movement and trade in wild species
In line with the Act on Transboundary Movement and Trade in Wild Species (OG 94/13) and Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97, for every use for commercial purposes (trade) or transboundary movement of live specimen, as well as parts and derivatives thereof listed in Annexes to the Regulation, it is necessary to obtain a certificate or a permit issued by this Ministry. In order to determine in which Annex to the mentioned Regulation and in which Appendix to the CITES Convention a certain species is listed, please use the following link: www.speciesplus.net.
Transboundary movement means import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of specimens of wild species and/or parts and derivatives thereof from or into a third country (non-EU countries), and before the performance thereof appropriate CITES permits should be obtained both in the State of import and State of export.
Trade means use for commercial purposes, i.e. sale, offering for sale and any action that may reasonably be construed as such, including advertising or causing to be advertised for sale and invitation to treat, hire, barter or exchange, movement and transfer of possession within the European Union, including within a Member State, of specimen subject to the provisions of the Regulation:
- For use for commercial purposes, movement and proof of the legal origin of the specimen of species listed in Annex A, within the European Union a European permit is issued,
- For use for commercial purposes of the specimen listed in Annex B no document is issued, but the owner has to possess at all times proof of origin (receipt, certificate of origin issued by the breeder, etc.).
Administrative proceeding based on the provisions of the EU Wildlife Trade regulation in all EU Member States, and thereby also in the Republic of Croatia, concerns:
- Specimen of animal and plant species listed in Annexes A, B, C and D of Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 of 9 December 1996 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein, the trade in which has to be monitored and regulated by the competent bodies in each Member State, and
- Animal and plant species listed in the Implementing Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/870 of 5 June 2015 whereby introduction into the European Union (and thus also into the Republic of Croatia) of specimen of certain species of wild flora and fauna is prohibited.
Placing on the market and introduction of alien species into nature
Alien species is a non-native species that does not naturally inhabit a certain ecosystem of an area, but has arrived there through intentional or unintentional introduction. Placing on the market in the Republic of Croatia of alien species and/or their introduction into nature in the territory of the Republic of Croatia and into ecosystems which they do not populate naturally is prohibited. By way of derogation, the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection may permit such activities if they do not represent a threat to biological diversity, human health and if they do not threaten performance of an economic activity, i.e. if it is established that there exists no ecological risk. The legal and natural person that intends to place on the market and/or introduce alien species into nature in the Republic of Croatia has to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection.
Breeding of strictly protected native wild species and/or alien wild species
The legal and natural person that intends to breed a native wild species and/or alien wild species has to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection.
The Ministry shall issue a permit for breeding of strictly protected native species if during the procedure of issuing the permit it determines the legality of the origin of parental specimens and the justifiability of breeding from the standpoint of the preservation of species.
If during the procedure of issuing the permit for breeding of alien species the Ministry establishes that there exists an ecological risk, it shall request from the applicant to submit the study on the assessment of the impact of an alien species on nature within the time period that shall not exceed one year. The study on the assessment of the impact of an alien species on nature shall be developed by the authorised person, and the costs of development of the study shall be borne by the applicant.
The Ministry informs the public and carries out public debate on the submitted application and the study. On the basis of an expert opinion by the State Institute for Nature Protection and taking into account public opinion, the Ministry issues a permit for breeding of alien species if it establishes that there exists no ecological risk.
The breeder or owner of the parental specimen or bred specimen of strictly protected animal from the vertebrate group has to ensure marking of that specimen in the manner prescribed by the Nature Protection Act.